What Are Some Side Effects of Protease Inhibitors?

The Combination Approach

Because HIV can become resistant to any of these drugs, healthcare providers must use a combination treatment to effectively suppress the virus. When multiple medications (three or more) are used in combination, it is referred to as highly active antiretroviral therapy, or HAART, and can be used by people who are newly infected with HIV as well as people with AIDS.
 
Researchers have credited HAART as being a major factor in significantly reducing the number of deaths from AIDS in this country. While HAART is not a cure for AIDS, it has greatly improved the health of many people with the disease, and it reduces the amount of virus circulating in the blood to nearly undetectable levels. Researchers, however, have shown that HIV remains present in hiding places, such as the lymph nodes, brain, testes, and retina of the eye, even in people who have been treated.
 

Treatment for HIV-Related Opportunistic Infections

A number of available medications can help treat opportunistic infections. These medications include:
 
  • Foscarnet and ganciclovir to treat CMV (cytomegalovirus) eye infections
  • Fluconazole to treat yeast and other fungal infections
  • TMP/SMX (trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole) or pentamidine to treat PCP (Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia).
     

HIV Information

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