AIDS Home > Complera Uses

Adults with HIV or AIDS may benefit from Complera. This prescription medicine contains three different HIV medications in one tablet and is approved for people who have not previously taken HIV medications, as well as those who are stable on a particular HIV regimen and whose viral load is suppressed. Although it is not a cure for HIV or AIDS, using Complera can help prevent the virus from multiplying and infecting healthy cells.

What Is Complera Used For?

Complera™ (emtricitabine/rilpivirine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate) is a prescription medication approved for the treatment of HIV and AIDS. It is a "complete" combination HIV medication that can be used as an entire HIV regimen. It contains three different medications.
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) was initially reported in the United States in 1981. Since then, it has become a significant worldwide epidemic. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
At first, an HIV infection usually does not cause any obvious symptoms (see HIV Symptoms), and most people have no idea that they have been infected with it (unless they happen to be tested for HIV). However, by killing or damaging cells of the body's immune system, HIV will eventually begin to progressively destroy the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers (see AIDS Symptoms).
HIV is commonly spread through sexual contact with an infected partner. HIV transmission also happens through contact with infected blood, which frequently occurs among IV drug users (who share needles or syringes contaminated with blood from someone infected with the virus). Women with HIV can transmit the virus to their babies during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding.
Most HIV medications are used as part of an HIV "cocktail." These cocktails usually consist of three or four (or sometimes five) different HIV medications (technically known as highly active antiretroviral therapy, or HAART).

However, Complera is an HIV cocktail all by itself. It is approved for use in people who have never been on HIV medications before, as well as for use in people who were doing well on a regimen containing a ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor. In either of these situations, Complera is used as a complete regimen, meaning no other HIV medications are required.
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Kristi Monson, PharmD;
Last updated/reviewed:
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