Norvir is used for "boosting" other HIV medications to increase their levels in the blood and make them more effective. It is approved for treating HIV or AIDS in children as young as one month old. Off-label Norvir uses may include the prevention of HIV infection in people exposed to the virus -- for example, healthcare workers who come in contact with contaminated needle sticks.
Norvir Uses: An Overview
Norvir® (ritonavir) is a prescription medication approved to treat HIV and AIDS. It is part of a group of medications known as protease inhibitors. Currently, it is usually used to "boost" other HIV medications, increasing their levels in the blood and making them more effective.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) was initially reported in the United States in 1981. Since then, it has become a significant worldwide epidemic. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). At first, an HIV infection usually does not cause any obvious symptoms (see HIV Symptoms), and most people have no idea that they have been infected with it, unless they happen to be tested for the virus. However, by killing or damaging cells of the immune system, HIV will eventually begin to progressively destroy the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers (see AIDS Symptoms).
HIV is commonly spread through sexual contact with an infected partner. Transmission also happens through contact with infected blood, which frequently occurs among IV drug users (who share needles or syringes contaminated with blood from someone infected with the virus). Women with HIV can transmit the virus to their babies during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding.
Norvir is almost always used as part of an HIV "cocktail." These cocktails usually consist of three or four (or sometimes five) different HIV medications (technically known as highly active antiretroviral therapy or HAART). Using combinations of medications helps to prevent the virus from becoming resistant to one or more of the drugs.
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