AIDS Home > Prezista Uses
While Prezista uses are primarily focused on the treatment of HIV and AIDS, it can also be used "off-label" to prevent HIV infection in people exposed to the virus (such as a healthcare worker who comes in contact with a contaminated needle stick). Prezista is typically combined with another HIV medication, which helps boost its effectiveness.
Prezista™ (darunavir ethanolate) is a prescription medication approved to treat HIV and AIDS. It is part of a class of medications known as protease inhibitors. Prezista is always used in combination with ritonavir (Norvir®), another HIV medication that makes Prezista more effective.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) was initially reported in the United States in 1981. Since then, it has become a significant worldwide epidemic. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). At first, an HIV infection usually does not cause any obvious symptoms (see HIV Symptoms), and most people have no idea that they have been infected with the virus, unless they happen to be tested for it. However, by killing or damaging cells of the immune system, HIV will eventually begin to progressively destroy the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers (see AIDS Symptoms).
HIV is commonly spread through sexual contact with an infected partner. Transmission also happens through contact with infected blood, which frequently occurs among IV drug users (who share needles or syringes contaminated with blood from someone infected with the virus). Women with HIV can transmit the virus to their babies during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding.
Prezista is almost always used as part of an HIV "cocktail." These cocktails usually consist of three or four (or sometimes five) different HIV medications (technically known as highly active antiretroviral therapy or HAART). Using combinations of medications helps to prevent the virus from becoming resistant to one or more of the drugs. Ritonavir should always be one of the medications used in combination with Prezista, since it helps Prezista work better.